Transformation and upgrading is not simply "machine replacement"
Core hints :The transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry is not simply replacing people with "machines." If the products are not innovative, the core technologies can not be broken. The products produced are only "new bottles of old w

Release date:2018-07-18

Browse number:54

 The transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry is not simply replacing people with "machines." If the products are not innovative, the core technologies can not be broken. The products produced are only "new bottles of old wine" and it is difficult to increase their value. The 120th issue of the "Guangzhou Popular Science Forum" jointly sponsored by the Guangzhou Association for Science and Technology, the Guangzhou Daily, and the Guangzhou National Science Quality Office opened yesterday at the scene of the National Popular Science Day event in Guangzhou. Jujinping, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, made a theme report on "Challenges and Opportunities for Innovation Driven Development in Manufacturing Industry".
According to Jujinping's analysis, China's manufacturing industry faces the following challenges in the process of transformation: First, there is a surplus at the low end and a shortage at the high end. Second, the high-end industry low-end. At present, the enthusiasm for the development of advanced manufacturing or emerging industries in various regions is very high, but there is a phenomenon of "blind investment" and "rushing to the top", and even there are signs of "low-end industries". Third, standardization and integration are backward, and high-end standards in manufacturing are lacking. Fourth, the status quo of cheap and low quality has not fundamentally changed. Some key materials, key parts and core systems, the quality and reliability of domestic production are not too high.
Jujinping made a special analysis of the robot industry. Statistics show that between 2013 and 2015, China has become the world's largest robot for three consecutive years. China's industrial robots sold 66,000 units in 2015, up 16 per cent from a year earlier and kept 256,000 units, according to data released by the International Robotics Federation. However, the market share of Chinese robot manufacturers is low, and there are small and scattered situations.
It is understood that there are more than 8000 enterprises involved in robot production in China, of which more than 200 are robot body manufacturing enterprises, most of which are mainly assembled and processed, are at the low end of the industrial chain, have low industrial concentration, and have a small overall scale. Many Chinese robot manufacturers sell less than 1,000 units a year, making it difficult to cover the R&D costs of core components. Some domestic robot manufacturers can only survive in some parts production areas, and a considerable number of robot companies are in a state of loss.
Jujinping stressed that the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry is not a simple "machine replacement". It gives robots all the work that has been done in the past. "If the product is still the original product, the connotation has not changed, but it has saved a little manpower, then the product still can not achieve high added value." He emphasized that intelligent transformation should combine two points. First, intelligent equipment must be strong. "only with good means can we make good products." Second, the product itself to innovate, the core technology to break through, otherwise can not open the market, can not produce high value added.
 

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