This flavor of American ai is ok?
Core hints :Medical diagnosis, post-disaster rescue, animal protection ... whether artificial intelligence is the ultimate threat is not to be mentioned, but it has really changed the lives of Americans.

Release date:2018-07-17

Browse number:21

Medical diagnosis, post-disaster rescue, animal protection ... whether artificial intelligence is the ultimate threat is not to be mentioned, but it has really changed the lives of Americans.
With the development of artificial intelligence technology, whether these " wisdom" created by ourselves will bring about inevitable " man-machine wars" like those staged in Hollywood movies, or will eventually destroy human beings themselves as warned by astrophysicist fok chin, has become a mystery to many people.
Fortunately, at least at present, the development of artificial intelligence has been benefiting mankind. In this regard, at the white house front-line conference held in late 2016, us scientists focused on demonstrating many achievements of artificial intelligence in the application field. Ai, which continues to become smarter, is not only used for medical diagnosis and rehabilitation, but also for post-disaster rescue, wildlife protection and many other aspects. Taking over American life seems to be just around the corner.

美式AI这个味,可还行?

Tracking and estimating the number of endangered animals

How many wild animals are still alive? Where do these animals live? It is not easy for researchers to make accurate statistics on this. after all, we do not have enough GPS devices and it is impossible to add positioning chips to every endangered animal.

However, in the era of mobile internet, everyone is the terminal and publisher of information. With the help of the internet and related technologies, the collection and sorting of huge information can not be accomplished only through supercomputers.

University of Illinois computer science professor Tania Berger wolf and her colleagues developed a website with the domain name wild book.org.

The website is equipped with an artificial intelligence system and corresponding algorithms, which can check those photos uploaded to the internet by experts and the public, track the habitat of animals through the global positioning system coordinates provided by each photo, identify the unique marks of each animal, and estimate its age and sex, etc.

The website learned from the collected 2015 photos that the number of young lions in danger in a local area in Kenya is under threat. as a result, they urged local officials to change the management measures of lions, thus providing protection for the endangered lions.

Now scientists can use pictures to track and calculate the number of animals. in addition, using pictures to identify can help make science more popular.

Two hours to determine the location of the trapped person

In natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes, the surviving trapped people are usually in a very dangerous situation. how to locate them as soon as possible is the key to the timely and effective rescue operations.

Until now, the effective way for rescue workers to find the victims' location is to observe the aerial images of the disaster areas. " but screening these photos and images is very time - consuming, and the trapped people face the threat of death at any time before the rescue workers arrive. " said robin Murphy, professor of computer science and engineering at Texas a & m university.

美式AI这个味,可还行?

In response to this, the latest artificial intelligence technology in the United States has been able to guide on-site emergency personnel to quickly locate the victims and provide them with timely assistance. Artificial intelligence allows computer programmers to write basic algorithms for determining the location of missing persons within two hours.

According to author Murphy, the algorithm can quickly find the victims from piles of debris and debris, saving a lot of time for rescuers to carry out emergency rescue. The algorithm can also understand the victims' situation and the disaster situation through social media websites.

In addition to natural disasters, artificial intelligence can also help drowning people. According to statistics of the international life-saving Federation, about 1.2 million people worldwide die from drowning every year. In order to better protect the safety of swimmers, Dr. robin Murphy, IEEE fellow and director of the robot-assisted search and rescue center of Texas a & m university in the United States, is developing a water taxi robot Emily that can be used for emergency rescue. The robot is a cylinder about 4 feet long and can float on the water surface and be remotely controlled by lifeguards. Emily, the rescue robot, can " swim" faster than the lifeguard and can quickly reach the drowned man for rescue. At the same time, Emily can also search and rescue in case of floods due to remote operation.

End hacker attacks in 15 minutes

This is the best time and the most " bad" time. While the internet makes life easier, it also makes our security situation more fragile.

Although various countries and enterprises have developed various protection systems, the recovery of hackers is still very difficult. One reason is that finding vulnerabilities in computers and hacker attack code is a purely manual process, which is very difficult and inefficient.

Michael walker, project manager of the information innovation office of the us department of defense's advanced research and planning agency, believes that attackers can take months or even years to create hackers, but defenders must understand that hacker attacks and counter-attacks are often only a matter of minutes.

Nowadays, artificial intelligence has become the terminator of hackers. The advanced research and planning agency of the us department of defense won the online challenge in las Vegas in August this year by the Pittsburgh - based plum mark program team.

According to walker, the team that won the second place, ike Sandra, discovered a new attack in binary code and found out how it works. They put this attack on the internet, breaking the defense of their opponent gimmo system. Gimmo detected a vulnerability and fixed the system by providing a patch, ending the attack. the process took only 15 minutes.

Let paralyzed patients regain touch

Medical treatment has always been an application field in which artificial intelligence has been placed high hopes. At present, many research projects in Japan, the United States and other countries, especially AIDS and nursing robots, have made great progress, and some products have begun to be used commercially.

Recently, U.S. researchers announced another landmark event. they helped paralyzed patients regain touch through mind-controlled mechanical arms and chips implanted in their brains.

According to dr Michael bonin of the school of physical therapy and rehabilitation of Pittsburgh medical university, doctors implanted two small electronic chips into Copland's brain, one in his sensory control cortex and one in his motor control cortex.

In previous experiments, Copeland could use his own thinking to control the robotic arm. What's more exciting is that Copeland felt it when the researchers touched the robot arm. Scientific and technological innovations have restored the sense of touch of paralyzed patient Copeland.

However, this research still faces some challenges, such as developing a battery that can be used for a long time so that patients can always feel and control mechanical arms. this requires continuous research on artificial intelligence.

In addition, artificial intelligence can also effectively deal with sepsis. As a complication, sepsis patients can be cured quickly if treated in a timely manner, but if they are not diagnosed for a long time, they will suffer from organ failure or even death.

Assistant professor Saarija of Johns Hopkins university institute of technology designed an artificial intelligence called " target real-time early warning system". through this artificial intelligence, searching electronic case data can help doctors diagnose sepsis 24 hours in advance.

In addition, this diagnostic system can also diagnose diabetes, hypertension and other symptoms.

 

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