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How do traditional companies cope with the trend of "hiring" robots as employees?
Core hints :The robot dance show of the 2016 Spring Festival gala is amazing, making people no longer strange to robots. However, ro

Release date:2019-11-08

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 The robot dance show of the 2016 Spring Festival gala is amazing, making people no longer strange to robots. However, robots in traditional industries have been ubiquitous. At present, the total number of industrial robots in the world has reached 1.6 million.
Published on 2016-11-09
2016 Spring Festival gala robot dance show amazing, so that people are no longer strange to robots. However, robots have been ubiquitous in traditional industries. At present, the total number of industrial robots in the world has reached 1.6 million, and the later service robots will surpass them in three to five years. As a manufacturing power, China has been the world's largest industrial robot market for three consecutive years. From 2010 to 2016, the market grew at an average annual rate of 40%. In 2015, 68,000 industrial robots were purchased, accounting for a quarter of the global sales volume.
 
Should traditional companies follow suit or wait and see in the face of an aggressive wave of robots? Who represents the future of manufacturing or even services? How do you calculate the costs when you think about introducing robots? All the answers start with why robots are so popular.
 
What's behind the trend of Chinese companies hiring robots?
 
The world's first robot was born in 1954, and it is not too early for China to get involved in the field of robotics. When foxconn announced its "million robot project" in 2011, it made many people realize that what was once a fantasy of science fiction has now reached every stage of the industry. Thanks to the development of China's manufacturing industry and the threshold of industrial upgrading, robots have enjoyed a multi-year sales peak in China in recent years. According to statistics released by the international federation of robotics (IFR), China is the world's fastest growing industrial robot market, with the total supply of industrial robots in China growing at an average annual rate of about 40 percent from 2010 to 2016. Nowadays, robots are not only found in many manufacturing plants, assembly lines and large-scale systems, but also in medical care, banking, catering and other services. It can be seen that enterprises "hire" robots has become a "trend". From the perspective of the environment, there are three main reasons behind it:
 
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1, to reduce the cost pressure: the purpose of business is profit, appear very early to participate in the industrial robot in Europe and the United States and other western countries, and delay the development of Chinese five or six years ago, in addition to automobile manufacturing, large dairy industry, garment processing, and other big companies have, most still adhere to the artificial, because at the time of artificial cheap, the robot popularity also has a lot to do with labor costs rise year by year. According to a study by Oxford Economics in the first half of 2016, unit labor costs in China are now only 4% lower than in the us, and the growth of labor costs in China far outpace the growth of productivity. As it becomes more and more expensive to hire "people", robots will replace humans.
 
2. Improving the technical level: low cost is the biggest driving force for the development of robots, and improving the technical level is another important reason. Compared with humans, robots are not only clumsy and inflexible, but also stable, efficient and capable of performing extremely difficult tasks. A few years ago, I visited the assembly line of mengniu and the modern assembly workshop in Beijing. A robot arm more than three meters high could easily put a dozen boxes of packed milk on a forklift a few meters away from the assembly line. If we rely on human beings to carry the milk, the efficiency is obviously greatly reduced. The same is true in the medical field, where medical robots are increasingly involved because they can perform many difficult surgeries. By October 28, 59 medical robots had been installed nationwide and 35,273 operations had been performed, more than two-fifths of which were urological, science and technology daily reported.
 
3. More choices in the market explosion: the diversification of robots and the birth of many famous robot enterprises are also important reasons for the popularization of robots. Industrial robots emerged in the 1960s and service robots in the 1990s. At present, industrial robots are the main robots in the world, accounting for 80% of the total market. Because robots "can only take the place of a precisely defined subtask" (that is, solving a single problem). Robots used in the automobile industry, even if they are very smart, may be useless in the mobile phone manufacturing industry. With the increase of robot companies serving various traditional industries, more enterprises have the opportunity to choose robots to participate in production. At present, 80% of industrial robots in China are imported, and domestic robot enterprises are also booming. At present, there are more than 800 robot enterprises of a certain scale in China.
 
There are four questions for traditional companies to consider when buying a robot
 
Foxconn announced its "million robots program" in 2011, and more than 40,000 robots are now fully engaged in the manufacturing process. The robots have been assigned to production facilities in zhengzhou, as well as the chengdu flat panel factory, kunshan and jiashan computer/peripherals factory. Foxconn already has a 70% completion rate of automation on some of its production lines, and employees say there are more robots than workers in the new iPhone7 workshop. But compared with foxconn's 1.2 million-strong workforce, 40,000 robots is not much.
 
More and more enterprises begin to choose to introduce robots. In the face of this trend, how should traditional enterprises consider whether to add "robots"? I think there are four aspects to consider:
 
1. Take actual demand as the criterion: there are many benefits of robot participation in production, but not all enterprises are suitable for robots. When traditional enterprises introduce robots, the first thing to consider is whether robots can be perfectly integrated with their original production lines. After all, robots are very different from human beings in terms of working environment requirements. In addition, the work that robot and artificial person are good at also has distinction, in the production link that does not have definite factor more artificial advantage is "rigid" robot cannot compare, should consider the actual situation of the enterprise, cannot follow blindly.
 
2, in order to enhance production efficiency as a fundamental, according to a survey in 10 years in calculating the total cost is less than 1/3 of the artificial robot, but with the robot is a one-off short-term investment, cost savings for 10 years that is to say, will require artificial spending three years early, once the future change, the cost advantage may be wiped out. Therefore, if only considering the robot can reduce the cost, it should be introduced cautiously. In terms of the robots equipped by foxconn, midea, xinbao electric appliances, meizhi refrigeration and other enterprises, most of them still consider the improvement of production efficiency. For example, the previous product manufacturing process was a-e, in which the efficiency of B was low, resulting in the inhibition of the production capacity of the entire production line. In this way, the robot could be introduced into the node B, indirectly activating the overall production efficiency.
 
The same is true of service robots. For example, in the traditional e-commerce transaction link, logistics is the most important link that restricts the e-commerce experience. The speed of logistics directly determines users' loyalty to the e-commerce platform. As a result, amazon now has more than 15,000 Kiva robots toiling in dozens of warehouses, and has been exploring the use of more efficient drones to deliver deliveries in a few hours on average. Amazon is known as the most efficient warehouse in the world due to the improvement of its logistics efficiency by robots. This is a classic case of robots improving the overall efficiency by solving the problem of single node of enterprise production or service. Traditional enterprises can consider the efficiency and accept robots to participate in production and service.
 
3. Do not engage in radicalism under the guidance of practical principles: although the first robot appeared in the 1960s, compared with the history of using human beings to operate machines in the traditional industrial model, robots have only a short time to participate in production and service. Robots can replace bank staff in most of our common businesses, such as account opening, cashier and loan. In September this year, commerzbank planned to lay off 9,600 employees by 2020. However, the lack of flexibility of the robot makes it less able to deal with emergencies. Even if the robot can completely replace the human, it should be arranged gradually and slowly.
 
A few days ago, when the reporter of national business daily interviewed foxconn about the advantages and disadvantages of the robots, an insider said that the robots are still not qualified for jobs that require flexibility and precision. They lack flexibility and precision, and the maintenance cost is high. It can be seen that even if the robot is regarded as the future foxconn, it does not use all robots to replace human beings, but some attempts to gradually increase the tilt strength of the robot in the future or in practice. In the early stage of robot development, too aggressive robotization will bring unnecessary hidden crisis to enterprise development.
 
According to the data, the world intelligent robot market in 2015 was about 26.9 billion us dollars. In the next 10 years, the CAGR (annual average growth rate) will grow by 9% year on year. By 2025, the world robot market will reach 66.9 billion us dollars. Under the huge market demand, some low-end and cheap robots have emerged one after another. Take China's domestic market as an example, there are more than 800 robot enterprises of a certain scale in China, while only about 100 enterprises can actually produce parts or robot products by themselves.
 
As a high-precision and complicated mechanical system, the stability of robots in production is extremely important. Considering the introduction of robots, we must not only look at the price, but also consider the maintenance, debugging and upgrading of the whole service chain behind them as the most important asset. To solve this problem, foxconn is building its own maintenance robots. Midea, wanfeng technology and other companies have solved potential maintenance problems by wholly buying robot manufacturers. Small and medium-sized enterprises naturally do not have the strength to produce or buy, but to choose a strong comprehensive strength of robot manufacturers, to solve the possible problems in robot production.
 
It has become a trend for robots to replace "people". The service industry and c-terminal are also potential markets
 
Demand for robots in China has grown dramatically in recent years. Self-owned brands of industrial robots are also on the rise. Up to 2015, the sales of self-owned brands in China totaled 22,257, with a year-on-year growth of 313.3%. But the "four big families" of foreign robots are still the main force in the market, with a market share of more than 80% in China. From the perspective of the global economic development trend, robots will replace people to do the boring and boring work, and the liberated manpower will play a role in other more creative industries. Therefore, the promotion of robot popularization has also become a policy priority.
 
In April this year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other three ministries issued the development plan for the robot industry (2016-2020), proposing that China should form a relatively complete industrial robot industry system by 2020. Strive to occupy more than 50% of the free brand products in the high-end market. In view of the emerging robot industry, various regions have introduced supporting policies, and the construction of industrial parks has surged. Under the enthusiastic support of local governments, robot industrial parks have been built in Harbin, tianjin, tangshan, luoyang, wuhan, wuhu, kunshan, hangzhou, changsha, shenzhen, dongguan and other cities.
 
However, at present, China is not the country with the highest density of industrial robots. South Korea ranks the top with 69 robots per 10,000 people, while China currently has 49 robots per 10,000 people. It is believed that with the explosive growth of enterprises researching and developing various kinds of robots, the types of robots active in different fields of industry and service industry will increase sharply in the future. It is the consensus of many governments, not only in China, to promote the popularization of robots abroad. For example, Germany's industry 4.0, Japan's new robot strategy, the United States "advanced manufacturing partnership" and other national policies all involve the development planning of the robot industry. Back in 2011, the United States planned to invest $70 million in the next generation of robots, named the advanced manufacturing partnership.
 
The present public worry about robots will take off my "job" is one of the main trend, but from the economic development of inference, such concerns seem to be no necessary, in the last century Europe and the United States and other countries will be labor intensive manufacturing industries in China and other developing countries, their economies rely on finance and services remained strong position. It can be predicted that after the robot liberates human from the boring workshop, these people will become the core labor force in other fields. The improvement of human productivity by the robot will only make human's material abundance and life more beautiful.
 
In addition to industrial robotics, services and personal/household robotics are also growing. Annual sales of service robots are expected to exceed 30 billion yuan by 2020. IFR predicts that global sales of personal/household service robots will reach 25.9 million during 2015-2018, with a market size of $12.2 billion, more than five times the market size in 2014. With the progress of science and technology, as well as the deep combination of artificial intelligence and robots, the proportion of robots in human life in the future will be higher and higher, not only in the industrial field.
 
With the coming of the robot era, traditional enterprises should be prepared to accept the robot. Even if the robot cannot be introduced for objective reasons, they should keep their sense of smell at any time. In 1961, kodak produced the world's first digital camera. To maintain the huge revenue generated by the film business, the management of the company hid the research of digital camera. The result is still overturned by the emerging digital camera. If kodak hid the first digital camera and did not forget the research on the digital camera industry, it would deal with the arrival of digital camera in advance and avoid the great crisis of bankruptcy later.
 
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